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Types of Pillows and Cushions for Side Sleepers

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While you sleep at night, the muscles and ligaments in your neck and back need to relax and recover from the daily stressors. Pillows can have a huge impact on spinal health. It is important to choose a pillow with the right height and firmness to support and maintain the natural curvature of your neck to ensure sufficient overnight rest and recovery. Continue reading “Types of Pillows and Cushions for Side Sleepers” »

Opioid Addiction Study

Don’t Become a Pain Management Opioid Addiction Statistic

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Opioid addiction is a major public health concern in the U.S. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that in 2016 alone, nearly 65,000 people died as a result of opioid drug overdoses – that’s more than the number of Americans who were killed during the entire Vietnam War. While other drugs also cause overdoses in the U.S., the CDC says about three-quarters of all drug overdose fatalities are caused by opioids, a type of painkiller drug that includes both illegal drugs like heroin and fentanyl as well as prescription painkillers like OxyContin.

While you might assume most opioid-related deaths can be attributed to illegal drugs like heroin, in fact it’s the overabundance – and overprescribing – of prescription opioid painkillers that’s at the heart of the recent increase in fatal overdoses. A couple of decades ago, opioid painkillers were primarily prescribed for patients with significant and debilitating pain – most often men and women with advanced-stage cancer. But during the past 10-20 years, there’s been a dramatic increase in the use of these medications as both doctors and patients have become more tolerant – even accepting – of their use. Today, the CDC reports about one in five patients with a non-cancer pain diagnosis are prescribed painkillers, even though there’s little research substantiating that these medications are more effective than non-opioid medicines in these cases.

In fact, a study recently published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that non-opioid pain medications like Tylenol and Advil can be just as effective – or even more effective – in many types of pain management. That study looked at 411 emergency room patients with limb pain due to sprains, fractures and other injuries, and compared the effectiveness of different opioid pain relievers with a simple combination of Tylenol and Advil. Patients were asked to assess their pain levels before medication and after. At the end of the study period, the researchers found the combination of Tylenol and Advil was just as effective in treating and relieving pain as any of the three opioid alternatives that were also studied.

The “take-away” message is this: While opioids certainly have a place in the treatment of some types of severe pain, many patients can find the same level of relief without turning to potentially addictive drugs. If you’re suffering from chronic pain, you owe it to yourself – and your health – to consider alternative types of pain management that don’t involve opioid medications. Seeing a pain specialist allows you to explore your alternatives to find an ideal solution that’s custom-tailored specifically to your injury, your level of pain and your health.

The Minimally Invasive Spine Institute Pain Relief are pioneers of minimally invasive research and are experts in advanced, noninvasive pain management techniques. If you are a chronic pain sufferer, contact our team today to schedule a consultation with one of our pain management specialists.

Best Sleeping Positions for People with Back Pain

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Sleep is meant to be peaceful and rejuvenating, but what happens when back pain prevents this? According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, “Adults should sleep seven or more hours per night on a regular basis to promote optimal health. Getting less than seven hours of nightly sleep increases your risk of several adverse health outcomes.”

The addition of an extra pillow paired with various doctor-recommended sleep positions can help alleviate lower back pain. To help those suffering from back pain, we have mapped out a few tips to obtain a restful night’s sleep.

  1. Sleep on your side with a pillow between your knees

    This position isn’t the key to relief, but the added pillow is. By tucking a pillow between your legs, the spine, hips and pelvis are in better alignment.

  1. Sleep on your stomach with a pillow under your lower stomach

    Adding a pillow under the stomach can take pressure off the space between your discs.

  1. Invest in a good memory foam pillow

    Many people research and research their bed but pay little attention to their pillow. Memory foam pillows molds itself around the curve of your head keeping every small bone carefully aligned.

  1. Sleep flat on your back with a pillow under your knees

    According to Health.com, this position takes stress off your pressure points and allows for better alignment of your spine and internal organs.

  1. When traveling, use a seat sleeper pillow

    Travel pillows come in all shapes and sizes. Supporting your head and neck while seat sleeping is important. Check out Travel +Leisure’s 14 Best Travel Pillows for Every Type of Seat Sleeper to help find a pillow that will  keep the head from being pushed forward when you are sitting.

While sleep positions alone won’t solve back pain, making small adjustments to your sleeping style can make a big difference.

Yoga Stretching

Best Yoga Stretches for Lower Back Pain

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One of yoga’s most attractive qualities is that it’s good for the mind, body and soul. This holds true for people with back pain. There are a variety of yoga poses that you can do that are very beneficial when it comes to relieving back pain. Next time your back is acting up, try these yoga poses.

DOWNWARD DOG

Downward dog yoga pose

This stretch reaches the entire body and stretches the large muscles that form the lower back.

CHILD’S POSE

Childrens Yoga

Child’s pose provides the back with a deep stretch.

TRIANGLE POSE

Triangle Pose

Great for strengthening the back, triangle pose helps lengthen muscles and stretch muscle fibers.

CAT AND COW POSE

Cat Pose

Not only does this pose do wonders for an aching back, it also loosens back muscles and can be used as a warmup in any workout.

When first starting yoga, be prepared for your body to be a little sore. For a person with weight issues, a lack of exercise can greatly increase the risk of back pain. Inactivity combined with extra weight puts pressure and strain on your joints and spine, putting you at a greater risk for sciatica, herniated disks and pinched nerves.

Many people suffering from chronic back pain, for whatever reason, are under the impression they will be less likely to hurt their back if they limit the amount of activity or exercise they participate in. However, regular activity helps with lower and upper back pain relief as well as other types of chronic pain. Physical activity activates the exchange of nutrients between spinal disks, keeping the spine healthy.

Because yoga uses a variety of postures and techniques, it is important that you stretch properly before and after each yoga program. Stretches where your body doesn’t leave the floor and stretch the lower back are helpful. However, it’s important to communicate your pain with your doctor before starting any new exercise routine. It is also important that you learn how to properly perform yoga’s postures and techniques to avoid potential injury.

The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that you see your doctor before engaging in vigorous exercise if two or more of the following apply:

  • You’re older than 35 years.
  • You have a family history of heart disease before age 60.
  • You smoke or you quit smoking in the past six months.
  • You don’t normally exercise for at least 30 minutes, most days of the week.
  • You’re significantly overweight.
  • You have high blood pressure or high cholesterol.

You have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or you have impaired glucose tolerance (also called prediabetes).

Everyday things that cause Back Pain

Everyday Things that Cause Back Pain

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According to the American Chiropractic Association, In the United States, more than three million people experience back pain each year. Lower back pain can be described as a problem in any part of the spine and can range from annoying to excruciating. As the single leading cause of disability worldwide, back pain is one of the most common ailments adults face.

Understanding your back pain:

For many, back pain can be as simple as a muscle strain or sprain. This is the most common form of back pain, and the most treatable. This kind of back pain is referred to as “self-healing”, which means it does not require treatment. Other kinds of back pain can be symptoms of a more severe condition, for which it is often necessary to seek out the advice of a back doctor.

Causes of back pain:

There are many different causes of back pain. Most commonly, back pain is caused by overuse or wear and tear as opposed to one isolated event. While overuse is not always preventable, there are several ways to change your daily routine that can significantly decrease the risk of back pain.

Back Pain for Chairs

Take a break

For a lot of people, working includes sitting at a desk or in an office for up to eight hours a day. A the most common contributors to back pain is remaining sedentary for long periods of time. In fact, sitting can put up to 40 percent more pressure on your spine than standing. Taking breaks and going for short walks or doing stretches every hour or so can alleviate pressure on your spine. If taking breaks and stretching possible during a busy day at work, try investing in a chair that supports your back and does not cause you to hunch over your desk.

Stop smoking

It’s no secret that smoking is bad for you. Everyone is aware of the effects smoking has on the lungs and heart, but not everyone realizes the damage it can cause to other parts of the body, specifically the back. Smoking has been linked to lower back pain and lumbar spondylosis, a disease in which the cartilage of the disks and joints degenerate. Quitting smoking is an effective way to improve your overall health and decrease the risk of lower back pain.

Switch out your mattress

If you can’t remember the last time you switched out your mattress, it’s probably time to invest in a new one. For those who already have back pain, the right mattress can make a difference. Professionals recommend finding a mattress that has a medium firmness, or placing a pillow between the knees or under the stomach to relieve pressure. Not only can it decrease back pain, but it may also improve the quality of sleep.

Eating healthy

Eat healthy

Following a healthy diet is an effective preventative measure to easing back pain. The key to creating a “back-healthy” diet is eliminating foods that cause inflammation. Avoiding added sugar, processed foods, caffeine, red meat and alcohol and introducing more grains, lean proteins, vegetables and fruit can decrease inflammation and improve circulation throughout the body.

Stretch

One of the effective forms of alleviating pre-existing back pain is doing preventative and therapeutic stretches. Other methods, such as low-impact exercises and yoga can prevent back pain from occurring by keeping off excess weight and keeping the joints limber. Yoga not only promotes physical strength and muscle relaxation, but also promotes deep breathing and mindfulness. Try asking an instructor to adjust specific poses to target the lower back.

Back pain from Heels

Take off the heels

No one will ever say that walking in heels is easy or comfortable. High heels force the back to arch and the spinal muscles to work in overdrive. Try trading in high heels for shorter ones or even sneakers occasionally, and even consider investing in gel inserts for shoes to provide more stability and relief.

Walk when you can

Much like sitting at a desk, sitting in a car for long periods of time can negatively affect your spine. Hunching over the steering wheel or slumping in the seat causes unnecessary pressure on the back. Simple steps such as sitting upright and purchasing a supportive lumbar pillow can ease pain, but the most effective method is simply stopping often to walk and give your spine a break.

The American Association of Neurological Surgeons state, “An estimated 75 to 85 percent of all Americans will experience some form of back pain during their lifetime. Although low back pain can be quite debilitating and painful, in about 90 percent of all cases, pain improves without surgery. However, 50 percent of all patients who suffer from an episode of low back pain will have a recurrent episode within one year.” Because back pain is so common and can have significant negative effects on daily life, it’s worth taking the time to consider the changes you can make to take care of your spine.

If you are suffering from chronic or severe back pain, contact the Minimally Invasive Spine Institute at 855-297-7242 to schedule a consultation with one of our specialists.

Man using phone

Back pain? There’s an app for that.

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According to one of the leading statistics companies, Statista, as of March 2017, there were 2.8 million apps to choose from on Android and 2.2 million apps on the Apple App Store. There is pretty much an app for almost everything, including apps that help you manage back pain.

  1. My Pain Diary offers users a chronic pain and symptom tracker so they can better understand their pain and its patterns. With the app you can do the following:
  • Keep an accurate record of your condition for your doctor.
  • Learn how much you are affected by humidity, barometric pressure, temperature, precipitation and more.
  • Identify triggers, remedies, patterns and trends.
  • Email or print a report for you and your doctors.
  • Track your complex medical condition multiple times a day.
  • Track your simple pain condition as it occurs.Created by a chronic patient after being diagnosed with RSD/CRPS, My Pain Diary strikes the perfect balance between utility and ease-of-use. It is available for purchase in the App Store and Google Play for $4.99.
  1. The #1 Rated Yoga AppDown Dog: Great Yoga Anywhere brings yoga to you! Rated the number one yoga app by The Wall Street Journal, this is a fantastic tool to have in your possession in the fight against chronic lower back pain. With the app you can do the following:
  • Provides a home yoga workout to help relieve back pain.
  • Provides the closest thing to the actual experience of taking a yoga class in a studio.
  • New vinyasa flow sequences every time you log in. You’ll never see the same one twice.
  • 3 sequence types to choose from (full practice, on your feet, and restorative).
  • 4 levels (beginner 1, beginner 2, intermediate, and advanced).
  • Set practice time for between 15-80 minutes.
  • Clear demonstrations of all the poses with easy to follow instructions.
  • This music is tailored to your workout and constantly updated. You’ll never hear the same order twice.
    The app is free to use (with an optional upgrade to a membership of $3.99 per month) and is available for download in the App Store.
  1. The Backache app reminds users to get up and walk around to relieve the back after sitting for long periods of time. With the app you can do the following:
  • Backache app will send you regular notifications when to take a micro break throughout the day.
  • Simply follow the physiotherapist as he shows you which of the 31 exercises to perform.
  • The micro breaks can be performed anywhere as no special equipment is needed.
  • Set up your own schedule to suit your requirements.
  • Backache app includes 31 exercises that target all areas of the body including back, neck, legs, chest, feet, arms and hands.

With so many options, there’s an app for everyone. Some may help you identify issues to discuss with your doctor since back pain can result from a variety of things. However, if you are experiencing severe back pain, consult a doctor immediately.

The most important word of advice I have is don’t try and play Dr. Google and don’t rely on apps or the internet to self-diagnose your pain. If you are experiencing back pain, see a Board-Certified, Fellowship-Trained spine specialist. These apps are not in any way an endorsement or recommendation.

Ryan Shazier Injury

Spinal Injuries in Football

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A Closer Look at Ryan Shazier’s Injury

Concussions and football are (and will continue to be) hot topics – especially in youth football. However, it’s important to note the other risks associated with the sport. Take for example the Pittsburgh’s linebacker Ryan Shazier who made a head-first tackle in Monday’s game against Cincinnati. Shazier was taken off the field, seemingly unable to move his legs at the time.

On Dec. 7, a press announcement was issued, “Last night, UPMC neurosurgeons and Pittsburgh Steelers team physicians Drs. David Okonkwo and Joseph Maroon performed spinal stabilization surgery on Ryan Shazier to address his spinal injury.”

While the exact type and extent of the injury and subsequent procedure has not been made public, from the video it appears as if Shazier hyper-extended his back. As noted by the grabbing motion to his back immediately after the hit, he may have also fractured, broken or possibly dislocated one or more bones in his lumbar spine. The injury likely centered in his lumbar spine region because he was seen moving his upper extremities immediately after the injury. If the injury extended to his cervical (neck) region, he likely wouldn’t be able to move either his arms or his legs.

When this type of injury occurs, the key concern is the stabilization of the patient’s spine. In cases where the spine is broken and unstable, even the slightest movement can cause the spine to shift, putting pressure on the spinal cord. Pressure on the spinal cord increases the risk of permanent paralysis.

One way to stabilize a spinal break is to fuse the spine together using instrumentation (also known as spinal screws and titanium rods). In laymen’s terms, let’s assume L2 is the injured area, the surgeon will fuse L1 to L3 with screws and rods to hold it in place, creating spinal stabilization. Prior to the fusion, the surgeon will examine the spinal cord for loose bone fragments that could be pressing on spinal cord nerves and remove them. This procedure is called decompression.

Will Shazier recover fully? No one can know the answer right now. His recovery is dependent upon the size and severity of the bone or tissue damage that may have impacted his spinal cord.

It is important to note that not all spinal fractures require spinal stabilization surgery. Various non-surgical treatments are available, depending on the type of spinal fracture. For less serious spinal fractures, non-surgical treatments can include bracing, pain management, physical therapy, medication therapy, activity modification and rest.

If you would like to learn more about minimally invasive spinal procedures to treat spinal fractures, contact us today.