Most Common Spine Conditions

Are you living in chronic or severe pain? If so, you are likely dealing with excruciating symptoms, an inability to perform daily activities, and an overall decreased quality of life. At the Minimally Invasive Spine Institute, we understand that living life with pain is devastating.

Before ever choosing to undergo surgery or begin a course of treatment, it is important to first understand your conditions, symptoms and available treatment options. Here we have compiled some information on the most common conditions that we see and treat on a daily basis.


Spinal Stenosis is one of the most common conditions and can cause debilitating pain and symptoms. Put simply, stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal column. This can cause nerves and other spinal elements to become compressed, resulting in pain and other symptoms.

Bulging Disc

Living with a bulging disc can be either painless or debilitating. Depending on the location and severity of your bulging disc, you may experience a number of symptoms. A Bulging disc occurs when the nucleus of the soft intervertebral disc pushes outside of the outer edge, causing a bulge in the shape of the disc.

Herniated Disc

Similar to a bulging disc, a herniated disc occur when the nucleus of the intervertebral disc breaks outside of the outer layer, causing the disc material to migrate outside of it’s natural positions. This can cause other elements of the spine, like nerves and nerve roots, to become compressed or irritated, causing pain and symptoms.


Sciatica is a general term used to describe any compression or irritation of the Sciatic Nerve.

Degenerative Disc Disease

As we age, the elements that make up the spinal discs begin to naturally degenerate, losing a portion of their mass and causing compression and irritation to the surrounding nerves. This is generally termed Degenerative Disc Disease, but can also encompass a number of other conditions, like bulging or herniated discs.

Dr. Bryce Benbow has either authored or reviewed and approved this content.